3.P.1.1 Forces and Motion - Infer changes in speed or direction resulting from forces acting on an object.
3.P.2.1 Matter: Properties and Change - Recognize that air is a substance that surrounds us, takes up space and has mass.
3.P.2.2 Matter: Properties and Change - Compare solids, liquids and gases based on their basic properties.
3.P.2.3 Matter: Properties and Change - Summarize changes that occur to the observable properties of materials when different degrees of heat are applied to them.
3.P.3.2 Energy: Conservation and Transfer - Recognize that energy can be transferred from a warmer object to a cooler one by contact or at a distance and the cooler object gets warmer.
4.P.1 Forces and Motion – Explain how various forces affect the motion of an object.
4.P.2.1 Matter: Properties and Change - Compare the physical properties of samples of matter(strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire).
4.P.3.1 Energy: Conservation and Transfer - Recognize the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical and magnetic) as the ability to cause motion or create change.
5.P.1.1 Forces and Motion - Explain how factors such as gravity, friction and change in mass affect the motion of objects.
5.P.1.4 Forces and Motion - Predict the effect of a given force or a change in mass on the motion of an object.
5.P.3.1 Energy: Conservation and Transfer - Explain the effects of the transfer of heat (either by direct contact or at a distance) that occurs between objects at different temperatures (conduction, convection or radiation).
5.P.3.2 Energy: Conservation and Transfer - Explain how heating and cooling affect some materials and how this relates to their purpose and practical applications.
6.P.2.2 Matter: Properties and Change - Explain the effect of heat on the motion of atoms through a description of what happens to particles during a change in phase.
6.P.2.3 Matter: Properties and Change - Compare the physical properties of pure substances that are independent of the amount of matter present including density, boiling point, melting point and solubility to properties that are dependent on the amount of matter present to include volume, mass and weight.
6.P.3.1 Energy: Conservation and Transfer - Illustrate the transfer of heat energy from warmer objects to cooler ones using examples of conduction, radiation and convection and the effects that may result.
7.P.1.2 Forces and Motion - Explain the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces acting on an object (including friction, gravity and magnets).
7.E.1.3 Earth Systems, Structures and Processes - Explain the relationship between the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries to storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes and tornadoes) and other weather conditions that may result.