Here’s our next video in the Science 360: The Truth Behind 2012 series. In this one, we’re focusing on the “end of the Maya calendar.” Does the Mayan “Long Count” calendar mark the end of a 5,126-year era and herald an apocalypse? As with the other 2012-doomsday scenarios, the Mayan calendar claim has a good deal of scientific evidence against it. Check it out and find out why the real Maya will probably not be hiding in caves, but throwing a party.

The Truth Behind 2012: Mayan Calendar

Jay Heinz is Morehead's Digital Production Manager. He will be partying like it's 5126. Yes, Prince will be there.

30 Jun 2010

We’ve been doing Current Science Forums at Morehead for nearly three years now. The mission is simple: Encourage discussion about current science events and research in the news, led by a scientist or comparable expert in the field.

But I don’t think we’ve ever had a more timely topic than we have for July: “Oil Rigged: Quantifying the BP Oil Spill.”

You’ve seen the images from below the surface of the Gulf of Mexico, and you’ve seen the news coverage — scary stuff. And it can be hard to decipher what’s fact and what’s fiction.

Luckily, we’ve got a lot of experts at UNC who can help us understand the issues more clearly. One of those experts, Dr. Richard McLaughlin, will lead our Current Science Forum on Thursday, July 1, at 7 p.m. He’ll help us understand why some oil rises to the surface and other oil remains trapped underwater, challenging attempts to measure the impact of oil spills.

If you’re interested in learning more, we hope you’ll join us. Like each monthly Current Science Forum, the July 1 presentation is free. It’ll be in Morehead’s Banquet Hall (second floor, east end of buiding), and it’s informal.

Believe it or not, killer whales are among the animals that live in the Gulf of Mexico. They are found only in deeper water (600 feet or more in depth).

We’ve taken our popular Science 360 presentation, “The Truth Behind 2012″ and made it into eight short videos that we’ll be releasing once a week for the next two months. If you’ve been paying attention to pop culture at all in the past year or so, you’ve probably heard some rumors about 2012, whether it’s from the movie that came out earlier in the year or other sources. We’re going to take all of the disaster theories and debunk them one by one.  Look forward to seeing ones on the Mayan calendar, the pole reversal, the rogue planet Nibiru, solar eruptions and more. Just subscribe to our Youtube channel and you won’t miss an episode. Our first is about the theory that a giant asteroid is set to strike the Earth.

The Truth Behind 2012: Asteroid Strike!

For more information about The Truth Behind 2012, check out our other previous blog posts about the subject:

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Jay Heinz is Morehead's Digital Production Manager. He fears no asteroids.

Higgs Boson

Scientists created this simulated image to show how the Higgs Boson would likely appear on visual detectors at the LHC. But one scientist thinks that listening to the data is a better method to detect the Higgs particle.

If you are familiar with the Large Hadron Collider or “LHC,” a huge physics experiment underway in Europe, you may be aware that one of the project’s aims is to find the elusive Higgs Boson, also known as the “God Particle.” The Higgs Boson is thought to be the reason that everything else has mass, but no one has ever actually observed the elusive particle. The LHC hopes to do just that by colliding protons in a giant underground racetrack and observing the particles that are created as a result of the collisions.

One issue that has come up with the LHC’s strategy is how to recognize a particle that has never been seen before and about which very little is known. Scientists are currently evaluating the collision data by looking at images of particle tracks on computer screens. But one scientist, Dr. Lily Asquith, believes there is a better way to identify the short-lived particles – by listening to them.

Dr. Asquith has developed a way to convert the data produced at the LHC into sound. Based on what scientists theorize about the Higgs, she has simulated the sounds that would be produced by a Higgs particle if one were created. The idea is that human ears are better at distinguishing sounds than the eyes are at distinguishing visual patterns. The sounds that Dr. Asquith has created using LHC data sound almost like bizarre, slightly-scary musical numbers – appropriate, perhaps, for a horror film. You can hear them here or download them here.

On a related note (pardon the pun), there is someone else trying to make sweet science music: one Higgs Boson (the person, not the particle), an English composer who writes “music inspired by the edges of science.”

To find out much more about the LHC and particle physics, come to Morehead Planetarium and Science Center to see the free Science 360 show “Why Antimatter Matters,” now showing Tuesday – Sunday on the Science Stage (formerly the NASA Digital Theater).

Casey Rawson is the Science Content Developer for Science 360.

Starlight from Arcturus opened the 1933 Chicago World's Fair.

Starlight from Arcturus opened the 1933 Chicago World's Fair.

If you want to wish on the first star you see tonight, there’s a good chance it’ll be Arcturus.

As you make your wish, you can also think about how Arcturus became famous in 1933 when its starlight opened the Chicago World’s Fair. On May 27, at 9:15 p.m. central time, several observatories aimed telescopes at Arcturus and focused its light onto photocells. The current that was generated resulted in the flipping of a master switch for the fair’s lights.

According to an article published the next day in the New York Times, “the grounds, pavilions and waterways of the fair were drenched with light. Thousands of awed beholders broke into cheers.”

Why was Arcturus chosen for this honor? It was thought to be 40 light years away, meaning that the light reaching Earth in 1933 would have left Arcturus forty years earlier, in 1893—when Chicago previously hosted a World’s Fair.

Unfortunately, they picked the wrong star. We now know that Arcturus is actually about 37 light years away.

So if you spot Arcturus tonight, you see it as it looked 37 years ago, in 1973, when the light left it. Looking deep into space is like having a time machine into the past.

To learn to identify Arcturus and other stars and constellations, come to Morehead’s skywatching session on Saturday, June 19. Or register for Starry Summer Nights; this class for adults takes place Tuesday evening, June 22, under the planetarium dome.

Arcturus is probably pretty much the same now as in 1973, but it’s still fun to think about.

Hot, humid days are beginning to wash over Chapel Hill as they do every year about this time. Summer doesn’t officially begin until the solstice, but the not-so-lazy days of summer begin around here as soon as the first minivans and SUVs full of excited summer campers begin their pilgrimage toward Morehead like that endless line of baseball fans making their way to an Iowa cornfield at the end of “Field of Dreams.”

For our guests, there are friends to be made at camp.  A new “Magic Tree House Space Mission” to be seen in the fulldome theater. And thrills and chills galore to be had in “Science Live!” Yet, I feel fall in the air. You say, Jeff, relax and enjoy the summer. I say summer is almost over in my world. You see, most of my team lives a cycle (or more) in advance of what you actually experience at Morehead.

Right now, we’re working on the 2010-2011 field trip brochure.  Planning for September’s North Carolina Science Festival is in high gear. We’re polishing plans for relaunching “Starry Nights” as a monthly program in September. We’ve already lined up the honored guest and musical acts for November’s Jupiter Ball (you’ll have to wait to find out who they are). And we have multiple grants to write between now and fall’s first frost.

So why am I telling you this? It’s simple really. We’re here to serve you and to deliver programming that interests and inspires you, your families and your schools. Now is the time to give us your ideas and suggestions for new programs and improvements for the coming year. We want to hear from you. And don’t forget to sunscreen this summer!

Jeff Hill is Morehead's director of external relations and all this talk of fall has him thinking about football.

Rubber Tree

Rubber, which comes from the sap of trees, is a huge industry in North America. But the ancient Mayans were masters of the material long before Charles Goodyear came onto the scene.

Rubber is a common ingredient in a wide variety of consumer products, from tires to pet toys to shoes. But rubber as we know it has been around only since 1839, when Charles Goodyear invented the “vulcanization” process that takes raw rubber (which is naturally sticky and brittle) and heats it with sulfur to strengthen its chemical structure. As inventions go, vulcanization was a biggie, leading eventually to the use of around 10 billion pounds of rubber each year in North America alone! Yet, research has shown that our culture came very late to the rubber game.

Scientists at MIT have now proven – after 14 years of research – that the ancient Mayans had mastered their own rubber-production process as early as 3600 years ago. The Mayans mixed sap from the Panama rubber tree with sulfur-containing juice from the morning glory vine in varying ratios to produce strong rubber for balls, sandals, adhesives, statues, and even rubber bands. By the 16th century, the Mayan rubber industry was producing 16,000 rubber balls per year (in addition to a wide variety of other rubber products). Much of this rubber was produced on the outskirts of the Mayan civilization and sent in to the capital city as tax payments.

So, in addition to astronomy, art, and mathematics, we can now add “chemical engineering” to the long list of Mayan accomplishments. Just so we’re clear, though: one thing the Mayans did NOT do was predict the end of the world in 2012.

Speaking of 2012, don’t miss your last chance to see Science 360: The Truth Behind 2012 before it comes off the Morehead schedule for the summer. The show’s final dates are Saturday and Sunday, June 5-6 and Saturday and Sunday, June 12-13. Visit the Morehead Planetarium and Science Center homepage for times.

Casey Rawson is the Science Content Developer for Science 360.

For the past year, Morehead’s been working with an Artist in Residence, David Colagiovanni, who has been not only creating new content for the dome, but thinking more in-depth about how we use and interact in the dome environment. David’s a professor in the UNC-Chapel Hill Art Department and we’ve stolen him away to work on dome stuff in his free time.

Last month, he presented his work on the dome to a packed house and we’ve convinced him to stick around for another year and push some of his ideas even further. Meanwhile, we asked one of our multimedia students, Colby Ramsay, to put together a short documentary about David and his work on the dome. And for all you gear heads, yes, he’s using the RED Camera. Check it out:

Jay Heinz is Morehead's Digital Production Manager. He wants to use the RED camera, too.

Evening planets on May 24, 2010

Three planets are visible in the current evening sky: Venus, Mars, and Saturn.

But how do you tell a planet from a star?

1)      By how it looks.

Whereas stars twinkle, planets generally shine more steadily. Planets can also look very bright—especially Venus. Currently in the western evening sky, it’s the brightest object other than the Moon. Also in the evening sky are Mars and Saturn, which are roughly as bright as the brightest stars appearing near them.

2)      By where it is.

Stars appear all over the sky, but you won’t find planets just anywhere. Because they orbit the Sun in roughly the same plane, planets always appear within a certain band in our sky—the zodiac. Right now Venus appears to be near the feet of the Gemini Twins, Mars is about to munched on by Leo the Lion, and Saturn looks like Virgo the Maiden’s earring. (Side note: Many people are familiar with the 12 astrological signs of the zodiac, but there are more than 12 astronomical constellations of the zodiac that planets can appear in. Mercury, for example, was recently hanging out inside the boundary of Cetus the Sea Monster.)

3)      By how it moves over time.

Watch a planet night after night, and eventually you’ll notice it appears to wander against the background of the stars. Learn to identify the zodiacal constellations, and then you’ll know that any “extra” star is probably a planet. For an animation of the changing positions of the planets over the next few weeks, view the May 15th Carolina Skies segment on WRAL.

Over the next few months Venus, Mars, and Saturn will appear to close in on one another. See their progress at Morehead Planetarium and Science Center’s next skywatching session on Saturday, June 19. Weather permitting, we’ll be at Jordan Lake’s Ebenezer Church Recreation Area from 9 to 11 p.m.

Amy Sayle is Morehead's Science 360 manager.

Certified Genetic Counselor Patricia Devers presented Morehead’s Current Science Forum in May.

What if you could decide what traits you want in your baby – a certain eye color, hair color, even intelligence level?

At Morehead’s Current Science Forum on May 6, reproductive genetic counselor Patricia Devers explained that because of the complexity of non-medical traits, we’re nowhere close to being capable of designing babies in the way you might select the options you want in your next car.

However, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) can currently be used to screen embryos with certain diseases or conditions. (PGD can be done on embryos created by in vitro fertilization; PGD differs from prenatal testing, which can be done only after a woman is already pregnant.)

At the Current Science Forum, Devers posed a series of ethical questions to the audience, including:

  • Should a woman who is a carrier for the sex-linked disorder Duchenne muscular dystrophy be allowed to use PGD to avoid the birth of a boy who, because of his sex, would have a 50% chance of having the disease?
  • What about a couple who wants to use PGD to avoid the birth of a boy because they already have four boys and really want a girl?
  • Should a couple be allowed to use PGD to have a child with slow twitch muscles, so that the child may be better equipped to run marathons?

Although many countries regulate the use of PGD, no laws in the United States cover its use. Instead, these questions are being answered in this country by couples and their physicians.

To join in on additional thought-provoking discussions of current scientific issues, please come to Morehead’s next Current Science Forum.

Amy Sayle is Morehead's Science 360 manager.

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