Amateur astronomer Robert Nielsen took this photo during a 2007 lunar eclipse.

Amateur astronomer Robert Nielsen took this photo during a 2007 lunar eclipse.

Willing to lose a little sleep the night of April 14-15, 2014? You could gain a big view.

That night, the full moon passes deeply into Earth’s shadow, resulting in the first total lunar eclipse since 2011.

What you’ll need to view this lunar eclipse:

  • A location that’s on the nighttime side of Earth during the eclipse. Being in North America, South America, or in much of the Pacific will do it. A lunar eclipse can happen only if the Moon is full, and a full moon is in the sky only at night.
  • A not-too-cloudy sky. Cleardarksky.com has Clear Sky Charts for locations throughout North America, including many in North Carolina.
  • An alarm clock—unless you’re already awake, perhaps because you’ve procrastinated on finishing your taxes. For North Carolina, the eclipse happens during the wee hours of Tuesday, April 15 (all times below are Eastern):
    • 1:58 a.m. – partial eclipse begins
    • 3:07 a.m. – total eclipse begins
    • 4:25 a.m. – total eclipse ends
    • 5:33 a.m. – partial eclipse ends
The Moon lies near Spica the night of the eclipse. (Credit: Stellarium)

The Moon lies near Spica the night of the eclipse. (Credit: Stellarium)

What you don’t need:

  • A telescope. Of course, the Moon will be a beautiful sight through a telescope or binoculars. But your eyes will do just fine.
  • A dark sky. Light polluted where you live? Don’t let that stop you. Although it will appear much darker than usual, the Moon probably won’t be too hard to find. During a lunar eclipse, Earth’s atmosphere bends some sunlight into the shadow, dimly lighting the Moon.

What should you look for?

  • The Moon generally darkens to a deep red or orange when eclipsed. Its exact color and brightness are affected by atmospheric conditions on Earth, such as any recent volcanic eruptions.
  • The bright bluish-white star Spica will appear to lie very close to the Moon.
  • Reddish Mars will shine brightly to the west (right) of the Moon, about one fist-width away when held at arm’s length.

This eclipse is the first of four consecutive total lunar eclipses over the next year and a half.

The next total lunar eclipse happens October 8, 2014.